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European turnover of powder metallurgy products each year more than 6 billion euros

Click: 483  Date: 2016-03-16 13:53:00  Comefrom: 中国投资咨询网 ?


Currently, the European metallurgical industry applications in land surface transport sector include:
First coating. Development of the European metallurgical coatings industry is more fragmented, so the need to better coordinate research and development activities in this area. Currently, metallurgical coatings application areas include: zinc and zinc alloy coatings for corrosion protection; physical vapor deposition (PVD) technology, alternative hot-dip galvanized (HDG) technology, used in the automotive industry to reduce the coating weight and improve durability; ceramic thermal barrier coating, for reducing the temperature of the engine compartment; nanotribology, mainly to improve nanoscale lubrication; chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PACVD) technique, for powertrain applications wear protection and friction reduction; thermally sprayed coating technique, used to reduce friction in the engine combustion, and reduce the weight.
Second, the powder metallurgy. Powder metallurgy is the most prominent areas of development in Europe. According to the report, the annual turnover of powder metallurgical products in Europe over 6 billion euros.
Third alloys. The EU is the world's second largest steel producer, employing more than 36 million people in the steel industry, steel production reached more than 1.77 million tons, accounting for 11% of global output. At the same time, designing and producing countries the EU is the world's leading high-value-added steel products. However, in recent years, Japan, Korea, China, the United States and other countries of advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) more rapid development.
Alloy in R & D, Europe and Japan, the United States on cooperation in research and development of high temperature steel. The study was primarily to solve the high-temperature workshop and application requirements of the engine; in addition, the study also contains a material short-term and long-term fracture prediction whole degree of creep-fatigue effect test.
Europe also carried out research in the steel rail applications. With the increase of railway vehicle payload, requiring strength steel track to reach 1000 ~ 1 100MPa, hardness of 300 ~ 320HBW, strive to achieve 400HBW. However, due to certification issues, and more use of carbon-manganese steel rail, it is difficult to introduce new grades of steel, which is now an urgent need to solve the problem.
Application of high-quality steel products more widely, especially the rapid development of multi-phase ultra high strength steel. Since the settlement of the problem of welding, these steels are also being introduced into the market. Meanwhile, the influence of weld thermal cycle on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the development of dynamic loading is also underway. In addition, to improve the corrosion resistance, and promote a wide range of applications, the need for further study of new coating technology.
European R & D work light metal alloy for a continuous basis, such as automotive applications of aluminum and magnesium alloys. His research interests include the development of high-strength alloys, coating technology, welding technology and lightweight foam metals. Currently, the biggest obstacle to the development of new alloys in Europe is the lack of economically viable production process, the metal connection technology and fully understand the dangers of cutting edge sensitivity brought. Fourth metal composite material. European metal composite materials research focuses on transport applications of high-strength lightweight key components. Currently, R & D work focused on engine parts, and only embedded metal composite seat has not been applied to the automotive industry, which is mainly due to high production costs, the more difficult machining operations.

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